A comprehensive list of chemically synthesized genes

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Volume 16 Number 16 1988

Nucleic Acids Research

A comprehensive list of chemically synthesized genes

G.Groger, F.Ramalho-Ortigao, H.Steill and H.Seliger*

Sektion Polymere and Rechenzentrum fiir Forschung and 1Lehre Universitiit Ulm, D-7900 Ulm, FRG Received May 24, 1988; Accepted July 12, 1988

ABSTRACT A databank for chemically synthesized genes has been compiled. INTRODUCTION The first paper on the chemical synthesis of a gene was published by H.G. Khorana and his co-workers in 1970 (1), but altogether not more than 40 reports on the subject have appeared until 1981. Recent years on the one hand have seen a dramatic improvement on the chemical methods of gene synthesis, and apparatus for mechanized gene synthesis have been made commercially available. On the other hand the increased rate at which biological proteins are isolated and at which their structure is elucidated, together with the development of protein engineering and protein design, have greatly increased the demand for synthetic genes and furthered their application. As a result the entries on synthetic genes have multiplied by a factor of approximately 12 in only six years between 1982 and 1987. Being aware of the fact that for researchers as well as for industrialists it will become more difficult to keep track of the rapidly increasing reports on synthetic genes, we have started to compile a data bank which contains references and structural informations of all chemically synthesized genes and their modifications, as far as their preparation has been disclosed to the public. The present list (updated until May lst, 1988) is the result of extensive search done partially on-line and partially manually. Our compilation is based on search in journals as listed in Chemical Abstracts, BIOSIS, MEDLARS and Biological Abstracts.

© I R L Press Limited, Oxford, England.

7763

Nucleic Acids Research Publications in non-refereed journals or congress proceedings as well as personal communications could not be taken into account. The compilation we publish here has the purpose of being a guide to the literature that is contained in our data bank. In this data bank, information, to-date, is available only through citations of the pertinent references. Implementation of the data bank to give information on the physical structure of all published synthetic genes is in progress. In this context we greatly urge authors of cited papers to help us maintain the data bank as accurate as possible by scrutiny and correction of data. We are also aware that in view of the enormous influx of scientific information we may have missed some entries. If this be the case, we encourage the authors to let us share their data. It is our hope that the establishment of this data bank will be useful for all researchers involved in the field of gene synthesis. Currently there are the following routes of access to our data: 1. Upon request, we will be pleased to send the latest release by mail; 2. Electronic mail is available through

PSI-mail: PSI% 26245731072102::RZ 8600, USER=ORTIGAO EAN: ORTIGAO a RZ.UNI-ULM.DBP.DE EARN: ORTIGAO S DULRUU51

GENE ACP ACP ACTH

NOTE

Amylase,A Angiotenin

a

Angiotensin Angiotensin Angiotensin Angiotensin Angiotensin

h

Art. Protein Aspartame Aspartame Aspartame ATPase

sp sp

I I II II

h

Mit

Bradykinin Bradykinin Bradykinin

C S S SCE SCE P P S SCE CE CE

C5a

h

Calcitonin Calcitonin Calcitonin Calcitonin Calcitonin Calcitonin

h

7764

CODE AUTHOR SC Ohlrogge SCE Beremand P Itakura Gorbunov SC SEC Denefle S Koster SCE Kumarev

h h

Va18 CGRP

SCE P P S SC CE P

SOURCE BST ABB

PatSp BK Gene CSNAISym DANS

Kumarev

FEBS

Koster Koster Biernat Doel Searle Bahl

JLAC

Gearing

BioInt

Korobko Gorodetskii Korobko Mandecki

BK DANS BK PNAS PCTIntAp

Lau Tanaka

JLAC ProtEng NAR NePat

EPatAp

VOLUME 14 256 AUS 546092 12 56 7 252 11 6 6 1 8

YEAR

579-81 90-100

1986 1987 1985 1986 1987 1980 1980 1980 1978 1978 1987 1980 1981 1981 1985 1979 1980 1981 1985 1983 1983 1984 1985 1985 1985

647-54 61-70 39-60 1506-10 273-7 839-53 854-93 353-8 4575-92

NL 81/437

EP36258 10 5 250 7 82

907-15 1802-15 208-12 1881-4 3543-47

W083/4028

Golova

DANS

EP95351 277

Kaneoka

JpnKo

JP60/168388

Rubtsov Craig

DANS

283

PCTIntAp

W085/43

EPatAp

PAGE

1258-60

1507-9

Nucleic Acids Research GENE

NOTE

CODE AUTHOR

Calcitonin Calcitonin Calcitonin Calcitonin-gly Calcitonin-I-gly Calmodulin Calmodulin Casein Casomorphin-5

fish

P

Omori

h

SCE SCE SC SC SCE SC

Ivanov Ivanov

CBP

Cecropin A Chymosin CTAP III CTAP III CTAP III CTI

Cytochrome B5

Dynorphin

Val8 sal sal b,h b,h bov h cow rat

EGF EGF EGF EGF EGF EGF EGF EGF EGF EGF

h h h h h h h h h h

EGF

m

EGF EGF EGF EGF EGF EGF IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN

chim h h h h h,a

h,al h a

h,a2 h,al h,g h,g h,a2 h,g h,b h,g h,g h,g h,g h,a2 h

a2

h,g

IFN IFN

h,g h,g

IFN

h,g h,b h,b h,b h,b h,al

IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN

anal b

h,a2 b

S

SC E P SC P P SCE SC SCE SC SC P SCE E C P SCE P CE P SCE SC SCE SCE P SC SCE -

E SC E SC P

SCE E SCE P SCE

SCE CE SCE SCE P

Uhlmann Hein Roberts Alvarado Guenther Hoffmann

Brodin Lai Emtage

Johnson Mullenbach Mullenbach Hostomsky V.Brodman Lebedenko

Smith Eaton

Urdea Flock

Smith Lee Oka -

Sumi Banks Allen Sung

Taniyama Kishimoto Aoki Stern

Urdea Arnheiter De Maeyer

Rossi Windass Rossi Atherton Tanaka Tanaka Edge Alton Nagase Alton Jay Jay Engels Kolosov

C SCE

Amirkhanov

P P SC P P P P P SCE SCE CE CE SC

Engels

Camble

SOURCE PCTIntAp BioBio FEBS NASS

NuclNucl B BCB

Z.Chem. NASS B PCTIntAp PNAS PCTIntAp PCTIntAp JBC NAR PNAS

VOLUME

PAGE

YEAR

WO86/1226

-

2 210 18 6 24 64 27 18 25

6-13 56-60 237-40 489-90 5090-8 548-55 97 229-32 5371-7

W086/4356 80

-

W085/1067 W086/1515

-

1986 1986 1987 1987 1987 1985 1986 1987 1987 1986 1986 1983 1985 1986 1986 1987 1986 1987 1982 1982 1983 1984 1984 1984 1985 1985 1985 1985 1985 1986 1986 1986 1986 1987 1987 1981 1982 1982 1982 1982 1982 1982 1983 1983 1983 1983 1983 1984 1984 1984 1984 1985 1985 1985 1985 1985 1985 1985 1985 1985 1985 1986 1986 1986 1986 1986

261 15 83 BioactMol 3 10 NAR EP46039 EPatAp 80 PNAS MGG 195 32 Gene EP128733 EPatAp 82 PNAS JpnKo JP60/130393 JBiotech 2 PCTIntAp W085/2198 JCS 3 14 NAR 45 Takken 45 Gene GerOff DE3523634 235 Science MethEnzym 146 294 Nature 79 PNAS JBC 257 10 NAR

3671-5 719-22 4849-56 9443-47 59-64 4467-82 -

7461-65 264-51 321-7 -

7212-6 -

59-74 -

29-38 6159-68 136-47 311-16 -

321-24 22-41 278-8 4256-9 9226-29 6639-57 213-34

MiamiSymp

-

EPatAp NASS NAR NAR PCTIntAp

EP62971 11 11 11

-

W083/4053

-

12

83-6 119-28 2290-4 6511-7 969-70

NASS BISPcMeet PNAS JBC

AngewCh USSR BK

-

81 259 96 SU1092176 11

29-32 1707-23 6419-34

-

-

1283-5 375-84

Engels

SFPAPptS GerOff GerOff

DE3414831 DE340996

-

Leung

BISPMeet

-

419-24

Okada Bell Bell Bell Bell Coulombe Camble

EPatAp EPatAp EPatAp EPatAp EPatAp

EP147175 EP130566 EP131816 EP130564 EP130565 46 134 5

-

Porter

Il'ichev Kumarev

Gene BBRC DNA MGMV DANS

-

290

89-95 1404-11 137-48 19-23 244-9

7765

Nucleic Acids Research GENE IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IFN IGF I IGF I IGF I IGF I IGF I IGF I IGF I IGF I IGF I IGF I IGF I IGF I IGF-I IL 2 Il 2 IL 2 IL 2 IL-1 IL-1

NOTE h,a m,b

h,a2 h,g g h,a h,a2

g,b h h h h

Val59 h h anal h -

Val59

Immunoglobin Insulin

h h h h h h,b h,a h

EGF

m

Eglin B/C

T4 a,neo a,neo a,neo a,neo b,neo a,neo b neo Leu Leu Leu Leu Leu Leu Pro bov v b h h h h h bov h,bov h h rab rab g, h h

Endonuclease V Endorphin Endorphin Endorphin Endorphin Endorphin Endorphin Endorphin Endorphin Enkephalin Enkephalin Enkephalin Enkephalin Enkephalin Enkephalin Enkephalin Erythropoietin Esterase Fibroblast GF FMDV

Galactosidase GH GH GH

GH GH GH GH

GH GH

Globin Globin Globin Glucagon GRF

7766

CODE P CE CE P P SCE E CE SCE P P P P S P SCE SCE P SCE E CE P P P P SC SCE CE S SCE P SCE E SCE CE P P SCE S SC SCE SCE S SCE CE S SCE SCE SCE SCE SC CE SC SCE SC E SCE P P P SCE S S SCE E S

SOURCE EPatAp JIntRes MGMV Il'ichev AsahiChIndCo JpnKo EPatAp Ueda Il'ichev Genetika BK Kravchenko Rostapshov DANS Elmblad EConBiotc Barr EPatAp Lee EPatAp Ueda EPatAp EPatAp Ueda Sproat NAR EPatAp Elmblad Peters Gene Buell NAR Banks PCTIntAp Niwa AnnASci Saito JBioch PNAS Bayne EPatAp Bhatt GerOff Engels Lemoine EPatAp Souza PCTIntAp NuclNucl Humber Gene Zurawski Nilsson ProtEng Crea PNAS Allen J.Biotech EPatAp Rink NASS Inaoka NAR Tanaka NAR Ohsuye PeptCh Tanaka EPatAp Takano PCTIntAp Stabinsky ABC Oshima NuclNucl Zeh BioactMol Lebedenko BK Sverdlov DBS Ovchinnikov BK Efimov NAR Shemyakin SciSci Ao SciSin Tang Gene Hostomsky PCTIntAp Lin FEBS Bulow Bio/Tech Linemeyer BK Korobko BK Kravchenko NASS Ohtsuka PNAS Ikehara AUTHOR Caruthers Tanaka

-

Tokunkga Tokunga Hsiung Itakura -

Doi -

Krueger Murray Moody CBM

JpnKo Gene EJBioch EPatAp PatSp USPat Protein ChEnNews

VOLUME EP173935 6 -

JP61/33200 EP176916 23 13 295 EP123228 EP128733 EP155655 EP158892 13 EP130166 35 13 W085/831 469 101 84 EP119621 DE3419995 EP152358

PAGE -

429-35 19-23 -

197-201 1186-93 1016-20 287-92 -

-

2995-77 -

83-9 1923-38 -

31-52 123-34 2638-42 -

-

W085/817

-

6 49 1 75 5 EP146785 17 10 11 EP77689 W083/4029 50 6 3 5 248 5 8 27 27 39 W085/2610 210 5 13 11 12 81

413-14 61-8 107-13 5765-9 93-114 -

105-8 1741-45 1507-18 225-30 -

-

1161-67 485-8 59-64 1112-16 371-6 305-7 6163-74 28-63 466-77 269-74 147-52

960-5 69-81 523-33 79-82 5956-60 JP59/125895 117-20 39 445-9 153 EP159123

AUS546092

4,604,359 1 53 MiamiSym 241 6 EMBO. 212 FEBS GenEnNews 3

17-21 6 2329-35 302-6 17

YEAR 1986 1986 1986 1986 1986 1987 1987 1987 1984 1984 1984 1985 1985 1985 1985 1985 1985 1985 1986 1987 1987 1984 1985 1985 1985 1987 1987 1987 1978 1987 1985 1986 1982 1983 1983 1983 1983 1986 1987 1987 1979 1979 1979 1980 1984 1985 1985 1985 1987 1987 1987 1985 1983 1984 1984 1985 1985 1985 1985 1986 1986 1975 1977 1987 1987 1983

Nucleic Acids Research GENE

NOTE

CODE...

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